There is lots to know about the brilliantly complex act of teaching and learning. Here is my list of 10 things to know in the plainest terms possible:
1. Pupils knowing stuff helps them to learn more stuff (background knowledge).
2. It is effective and efficient to explicitly teach pupils the stuff (explicit instruction).
3. Pupils cannot learn lots of new stuff at any one time (working memory limitations).
4. We need to teach with pupils’ limited working memory in mind (cognitive load theory).
5. We need to make helpful connections between the complex stuff (schema building).
6. Plan to revisit the stuff with careful timing to secure remembering (spacing and retrieval).
7. Reading strategically is also vital to understanding complex stuff (reading comprehension strategies).
8. Pupils need to build confidence in their ability to learn and know stuff (self-efficacy).
9. Pupils need to exercise their attention and control their emotions to learn stuff (self-regulation).
10. Pupils need to pick the right strategies to learn the stuff successfully (metacognition).
Find out much more here…
If you want to dig a little deeper, the following reading list should offer a wealth of handy, freely-accessible online resources:
- To find out more about the important role of background knowledge read:
2. To find out more on the value of explicit instruction read:
3. To find out more on the importance of working memory read:
4. To find out more about teaching with cognitive load theory in mind read:
5. To find out more about schema building read:
6. To find out more about spacing and retrieval read:
7. To find out more about the role of reading comprehension strategies read:
8. To find out more about the value of self-efficacy read:
9. To find out more about self-regulation read:
10. To find out more about the importance of metacognition read:
I am certain there are debates to be had, glaring omissions, and more, but these 10 things are a start!